The importance of the Dead Sea Scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are surely the greatest archaeological discovery of the twentieth century, these important documents were found in the late 1940s; they are an ancient collection of texts that include the oldest known biblical manuscripts, dating back 2,000 years ago.
These mysterious across were actually found by accident when Pastors came across the set of manuscripts in 1946 near the ancient settlement of Qumran, on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea.
One of the Pastors threw a rock into a cave and was surprised to hear the sound that was produced.
He and his companions ventured into the cave and found a collection of large clay jars, which contained seven parchment we today know as the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Word of the discovery quickly spread and both treasure hunters and archaeologists rushed to the area in search for more treasures.
The result of this rush was the discovery of tens of thousands of fragments in 10 nearby caves, completing between 800 and 900 manuscripts.
Mysteriously, nobody knows for sure who wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls. The origin of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which were written between 150 BC and 70 AD, is still subject to academic debate.
According to the prevailing theory, they are the work of a Jewish population that inhabited Qumran until the Roman troops destroyed the settlement, around 70 AD. Almost all of the Hebrew Bible is represented in these manuscripts.
The Dead Sea Scrolls include fragments of every book of the Old Testament except the book of Esther; researchers speculate that the book has disintegrated over time while others believe it is still waiting to be recovered.
Interestingly, the Dead Sea Scrolls are not only written in the Hebrew language. Even though most Dead Sea Scrolls are written in Hebrew, others are recorded in Aramaic; In addition, several texts offer translations of the Hebrew Bible into Greek.
If the texts itself weren’t interesting, there is a guide to a hidden treasure. One of the most intriguing manuscripts is the Copper Scroll, which is believed to be a kind of ancient treasure map that describes 64 underground places around Israel that contain riches hidden beneath the surface.
None of these treasures has been recovered yet. While some researchers believe these treasures are only a myth, others believe that they had been sacked by Roman troops in the distant past.