Maybe humankind has stopped realizing that even the slightest life matters. In this case, we can mention our little friend, the bee.
“If the bee disappeared off the surface of the globe, man would have only four years to live. No more bees, no more pollination, no more men!” — Albert Einstein
Now, it has become vital for us to understand the importance of bees within our lives. Among the top reasons for this is the fact that bee venom helps cure the AIDS virus.
Bee Toxin More Helpful than Expected
According to researchers from the St. Louis Washington University, a toxin called melittin does in fact kill the carrier HIV virus.
But, how do we get this toxin?
While they may just appear to help with pollination, in fact, bees play a vital role. Melittin is a result of bee’s venom.
Not only does it kill the HIV virus, at the same time it does not pose a threat to the human body.
Because of this, a new scientific breakthrough may improve drug resistance to HIV. Also, researchers are taking into consideration other options.
Even more, a development of an anti-HIV vaginal gel may assure public health. Based on a 2015 pole, a majority of almost 40 million people around the globe suffered from the lethal virus.
Outstanding research instructor Dr. Joshua L. Hood has this to say:
“Melittin on the nanoparticles fuses with the viral envelope. The melittin forms little pore-like attack complexes and ruptures the envelope; stripping it off the virus… We are attacking an inherent physical property of HIV. Theoretically, there isn’t any way for the virus to adapt to that. The virus has to have a protective coat, a double-layered membrane that covers the virus.”
It seems like nanoparticles are also valuable to the study. By fusing them with the melittin coming from the bees, studies prove, lead to the layer destruction of the virus.
When coming in contact with healthy cells, the nano particles mixed with melittin would just bounce off. Meanwhile, during the impact with the HIV cells, the charged nanoparticles managed to rupture the virus’s shell and kill it.
Advancing Towards a Cure
Hood’s theory further implies how the new discovery based on bee venom could, in fact, make significant changes to medicine as we know it.
Not only will it prevent people from getting infected, but it could also cure existing infections that have been present within the body for a longer period.
“Our hope is that in places where HIV is running rampant, people could use the vaginal gel as a preventive measure to stop the initial infection… We are attacking an inherent physical property of HIV. Theoretically, there isn’t any way for the virus to adapt to that. The virus has to have a protective coat, a double-layered membrane that covers the virus.
Could bee toxin really put a stop to HIV? At this point, studies do indeed look good.
“The basic particle that we are using in these experiments was developed many years ago as an artificial blood product. It didn’t work very well for delivering oxygen, but it circulates safely in the body and gives us a nice platform that we can adapt to fight different kinds of infections.”
We can now cure AIDS. Venom-based therapy could help many couples to overcome such problems, Hood noted:
“We also are looking at this [therapy] for couples where only one of the partners has HIV, and they want to have a baby. These particles by themselves are actually very safe for sperm, for the same reason they are safe for vaginal cells.”
Researchers Dig Deeper for Solutions
Reports from the University of Mississippi Medical Center and the University Of Massachusetts Medical have brought to surface shocking evidence.
After receiving antiretroviral therapy within the 30 hours of birth, a Mississippi baby was apparently cured of the HIV virus.
Hence, the Antiviral Therapy journal immediately published this data for the world to know.
Other solutions besides bee’s venom are taken into consideration. Scientists at the Philadelphia Temple University discovered that a technology which first appeared in 2012- CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing- is capable of removing HIV from human DNA.
Most of all, after reintroducing the virus into edited genomes, researchers reached the conclusion that cells were now healthy. The lethal virus had no effect anymore.
“These observations suggest that a cure strategy for HIV-1 infection should include methods that directly eliminate the pro-viral genome from the majority of HIV-1-positive cells, including CD4+ T-cells, and protect cells from future infection, with little or no harm to the host. The results point toward this approach as a promising potential therapeutic avenue to eradicating HIV-1 from T reservoir cells of host patients, to prevent AIDS re-emergence.”