Scientists Discover Black Hole 12 Billion Times Larger Than the Sun

It remains a mystery how black holes could have grown so huge in such short time

Scientists Discover Black Hole 12 Billion Times Larger Than the Sun

Monster Black Hole Is the Largest and Brightest Ever Found

Astronomers have discovered the largest and most luminous black hole ever seen — an ancient monster with a mass about 12 billion times that of the sun — that dates back to when the universe was less than 1 billion years old.

It remains a mystery how black holes could have grown so huge in such a relatively brief time after the dawn of the universe, researchers say.

Supermassive black holes are thought to lurk in the hearts of most, if not all, large galaxies.

The largest black holes found so far in the nearby universe have masses more than 10 billion times that of the sun. In comparison, the black hole at the center of the Milky Way is thought to have a mass only 4 million to 5 million times that of the sun.

Although not even light can escape the powerful gravitational pulls of black holes — hence, their name — black holes are often bright.

That’s because they’re surrounded by features known as accretion disks, which are made up of gas and dust that heat up and give off light as it swirl into the black holes. Astronomers suspect that quasars, the brightest objects in the universe, contain supermassive black holes that release extraordinarily large amounts of light as they rip apart stars.

So far, astronomers have discovered 40 quasars — each with a black hole about 1 billion times the mass of the sun — dating back to when the universe was less than 1 billion years old. Now, scientists report the discovery of a supermassive black hole 12 billion times the mass of the sun about 12.8 billion light-years from Earth that dates back to when the universe was only about 875 million years old.

This black hole — technically known as SDSS J010013.02+280225.8, or J0100+2802 for short — is not only the most massive quasar ever seen in the early universe but also the most luminous. It is about 429 trillion times brighter than the sun and seven times brighter than the most distant quasar known.

The light from very distant quasars can take billions of years to reach Earth. As such, astronomers can see quasars as they were when the universe was young.

See also: Say cheese! Hubble telescope captures extraterrestrial smiley face

This black hole dates back to a little more than 6 percent of the universe’s current age of 13.8 billion years.

“This is quite surprising because it presents serious challenges to theories of black hole growth in the early universe,” said lead study author Xue-Bing Wu, an astrophysicist at Peking University in Beijing.

Accretion discs limit the speed of modern black holes’ growth. First, as gas and dust in the disks get close to black holes, traffic jams slow down any other material that’s falling into them. Second, as matter collides in these traffic jams, it heats up, emitting radiation that drives gas and dust away from the black holes.

Black-Hole-12-Billion-Times-Larger-Than-the-Sun
The newfound quasar SDSS J0100+2802 has the most massive black hole and the highest luminosity among all known distant quasars, as shown in this comparison chart of the black hole’s mass and brightness. Credit: Zhaoyu Li (Shanghai Astronomical Observatory)/Background image: Yunnan Observatories

Scientists still do not have a satisfactory theory to explain how these super-massive objects formed in the early universe, Wu said.

“It requires either very special ways to quickly grow the black hole or a huge seed black hole.” For instance, a recent study suggested that because the early universe was much smaller than it is today, gas was often denser, obscuring a substantial amount of the radiation given off by accretion disks and thus helping matter fall into black holes.

The researchers noted that the light from this black hole could help provide clues about the dark corners of the distant cosmos. As the quasar’s light shines toward Earth, it passes through intergalactic gas that colors the light.

See also: Every Black Hole Contains Another Universe, Claims New Study

By deducing how this intergalactic gas influenced the spectrum of light from the quasar, scientists can deduce which elements make up this gas. This knowledge, in turn, can provide insight into the star-formation processes that were at work shortly after the Big Bang that produced these elements.

“This quasar is the most luminous one in the early universe, which, like a lighthouse, will provide us chances to use it as a unique tool to study the cosmic structure of the dark, distant universe,” Wu said.

The scientists detailed their findings in the Feb. 26 issue of the journal Nature.

Sourcespace

Find us here

Get news from the CSGLOBE in your inbox each weekday morning

The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors/source and do not necessarily reflect the position of CSGLOBE or its staff.

Paid content

The 10 Biggest Dangers Posed By Future Technology

It’s not easy predicting the future of technology. In the fifties it seemed a pretty much foregone conclusion that by 2015 we would all...

Read Elon Musk’s bold Mars colony plan for free online

Elon Musk's latest plan to colonize Mars is now officially part of the academic literature. A summary of the SpaceX and Tesla Motors CEO's presentation...

Harvard Study Proves Why The Bees Are All Disappearing

The human race is really starting to feel the consequences of their actions. One area we are waking up to is the massive amount...

What's New Today

Georgia House Votes To Allow Citizens To Abolish Police Departments In The State

The Georgia House backed an effort on Friday to dissolve the Glynn County Police Department and any...

Leaked CDC document contradicts Pence claim that U.S. coronavirus cases ‘have stabilized’

Even as Vice President Mike Pence wrote in a Wall Street Journal op-ed published Tuesday that coronavirus...

Five bombshells about Trump from Bolton ‘s book

Excerpts from former national security adviser John Bolton ’s book about his time in the Trump administration...

Don’t Listen to Fox. Here’s What’s Really Going On in Seattle’s Protest Zone.

It seems I live in a city undergoing a “totalitarian takeover” that will lead to “fascist outcomes”...

MOST READ

Putin has Banned Rothschild and His New World Order Banking Cartel Family from Entering Russian Territory

As of recently, Russian president Vladimir Putin took yet another decision for his country. "Under any circumstances", the Rothschild family is banned from entering Russian territory. Along...

What Is Agenda 21? Depopulation of 95% of the World By 2030

Most people are unaware that one of the greatest threats to their freedom may be a United Nations program which plans to depopulate 95%...

Rothschild Bank Now Under Criminal Investigation After Baron David De Rothschild Indictment

Last year, Baron David de Rothschild was indicted by the French government after he was accused of fraud in a scheme that allegedly embezzled...

The 10 Biggest Dangers Posed By Future Technology

It’s not easy predicting the future of technology. In the fifties it seemed a pretty much foregone conclusion that by 2015 we would all...

The Nazi flying discs

During the second World War, Germany Nazi was a world power that possessed incredible technologies in the military world. They possessed Precision bombers, guided missiles...

The bike [velomobile] that could let you pedal as fast as a CAR

Human-powered velomobiles are meant to be a quirky alternative to cars. But because these pedal-powered machines can't go as fast, these vehicles have up until...

ET, is that you? Scientists eye messaging alien worlds 20 light years away

Scientists launch plan to beam welcome messages to far-off star systems - and their planets which could bear life Scientists are making plans to beam...

Bringing clean energy a step closer

CWRU researchers bring clean energy a step closer For nearly half a century, scientists have been trying to replace precious metal catalysts in fuel cells....

The Pentagon Changes Its Story: Military No Longer Sure Yemen Rebels Attacked A US Ship

Since March 2015, Yemen has been the site of a brutal, one-sided war between Houthi rebels, backed by Iran, and Saudi Arabia. The Houthi rebels...

Act of generosity stopped by Aldi staff

Aldi staff told shopper to empty his trolley because he was spending too much money on tinned food for children in Syria A shopper buying...

4 Ways to Spot Big Pharma’s Media Manipulation

Studies show – that people are gullible enough to believe anything if it appears on TV and sounds authoritative. Really? Giant corporations and any other...