Faroe Islands: A Fresh Little Corner of Scandinavia
Where: The Faroe Islands are an island group consisting of 18 major islands about 655 kilometres (407 mi) off the coast of Northern Europe, between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, about halfway between Iceland and Norway, the closest neighbours being the Northern and Western Isles of Scotland. Its coordinates are 62°00′N 06°47′W.
The islands cover an area of 1,399 square kilometres (540 sq. mi) and it has no major lakes or rivers. There are 1,117 kilometres (694 mi) of coastline. The only significant uninhabited island is Lítla Dímun.
The islands are rugged and rocky with some low peaks; the coasts are mostly cliffs. The highest point is Slættaratindur, 882 metres (2,894 ft) above sea level.
The Faroe Islands are dominated by tholeiitic basalt lava, which was part of the great Thulean Plateau during the Paleogene period.
What: The Faroe Islands are a green, treeless archipelago of rocky, waterfall-laced isles far removed from the 21st century that penetrates the rest of Scandinavia. They are the islands of sheep (“Føroyar”) named by ninth-century Norsemen who found the place crawling with sheep left by sixth-century Irish monks.
The Faroe Islands are of volcanic origin. They are part of the North Atlantic basalt area, stretching from Ireland to Greenland. The mountains are formed in a layering process, from the grey-black basalt formed by lava from the Tertiery period’s volcanoes, interspersed by the softer red-brown tuff, which originates from the rain of ash preceding volcanic eruptions. Later the glaciers of the ice period restructured the original plateau, to an archipelago with high mountains, deep valleys and narrow fjords. The basalt covers older geological deposits, where the presence of hydro carbons is very likely.