8 Of The Most Beautiful Crater Lakes Around The World
A few different things can cause the formation of a crater lake including, a meteorite or human-cashed explosion. More commonly, lake craters are due to volcanic activity. After a crater is formed, rain, run-off, groundwater circulation, or melted ice fills in the crater with water, creating a crater lake.
Heaven Lake, Baekdu Mountain– China, North Korea
Heaven Lake sits at a caldera atop the volcanic Baekdu Mountain. It is a crater lake on the border between China and North Korea. It is located partly in Ryanggang Province, North Korea, and partly in Jilin Province, northeastern China.
The caldera which contains Heaven Lake was created by a major eruption in 969 AD. The lake has a surface elevation of 2,189.1 m (7,182 ft). The lake covers an area of 9.82 km² (3.79 sq mi) with a south-north length of 4.85 km (3.01 mi) and east-west length of 3.35 kilometers (2.08 mi).
The average depth of the lake is 213 m (699 ft) and maximum depth of 384 m (1,260 ft). From mid-October to mid-June, it is typically covered with ice.
Crater Lake Albertine Rift, Africa
Located in Queen Elizabeth Park, the Albertine Rift is surrounded by some of the highest mountains in continent Africa, including the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, and Ruwenzori Range. It contains the Rift Valley lakes, which include some of the deepest lakes in the world. Lake Tanganyika is 1,470 meters (4,800 ft) deep. These lakes were formed due to the result of massive volcanic explosions.
Crater Lake Mount Ruapehu– New Zealand
Ruapehu is one of the world’s most active volcanoes and the largest active volcano in New Zealand.
It is the highest point in the North Island and includes three major peaks: Tahurangi (2,797 m), Te Heuheu (2,755 m) and Paretetaitonga (2,751 m). The deep, active crater is between the peaks and fills with a crater lake between major eruptions.
One of the highlights is a climb to the Ruapehu crater from where you can gaze down into the geothermal waters of the crater lake. Mount Ruapehu is an active volcano. Eruptions can happen at any time without warning.
See also: The Most Unusual Caves Around the World
Crater Lake Mount Pinabuto–Luzon, Philippines
After the eruption in 1991, marking the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.The devastation that this volcano has brought thousands homeless. Yet the remnants of its destructive nature had created spectacular land sculptures. The lava flows and ash falls expelled from this dormant volcano had resulted new landforms that continuously changes through the weather.
Quilotoa Crater Lake, Ecuador
800 years ago an epic VEI-6 explosion caused the formation of this crater lake. The crater lake is now 820 feet deep and gives off a greenish hue in light of the dissolved minerals present in the water. According to local inhabitants, the lake level has been slowly declining over the last 10 years. Hot springs occur on the eastern edge of the volcano, and fumaroles are present on the floor of the lake.
Crater Lake Mount Mazama, Oregon USA
Crater Lake in the southern Cascade Range of Oregon, USA, is one of the most beautiful calderas in the world. It formed by the collapse of a massive stratovolcano known as Mount Mazama about 6850 years ago. The caldera measures 8×10 km in diameter and is filled with a lake of up to 600 m depth.
A small island, Wizzard Island, is a cinder cone that grew after the formation of the caldera. The caldera is part of Crater Lake National Park.
Main Crater Lake at Vulcan Point, Taal Volcano–Luzon Philippines
Taal Volcano is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the second most active volcano in the Philippines with 33 historical eruptions.
Known as one of the most picturesque sights in the Philippines, this crater lake is located about 50 km (31 mi) south of the capital of the country, the city of Manila.
At the center of the crater one large rock peaks up from the surface, this was once the floor of the crater but has now been pushed up to the surface of the water. The Main Crater Lake at Vulcan Point is 1.2 miles wide and includes the largest island at the center of a lake.
Crater Lake Yak Loum–Ratanakiri, Cambodia
Lake Yak Loum is a lake and a popular tourist destination in the Ratanakiri province of northeastern Cambodia.
Located approximately 3 mi (4.8 km) from the provincial capital, Banlung, the beautiful lake occupies a 4,000-year-old volcanic crater. Due to the lake’s tremendous depth (157 ft or 48 m), its water is exceptionally clean and clear.
The lake is almost perfectly round and measures 0.45 mi (0.72 km) in diameter. Large trees and rich, lush rain forest, the home of many exotic birds and parrots, surround the lake.
Many thanks to all the right owners of this magnificent pictures.
See also: The ‘floating island’: Mount Roraima